Changes between Initial Version and Version 1 of TracUpgrade

Jul 30, 2021, 7:40:25 AM (17 months ago)



  • TracUpgrade

    v1 v1  
     1= Upgrade Instructions
     5== Instructions
     7There are seven recommended steps for upgrading to a newer version of Trac:
     9=== 1. Check your plugins
     11Check whether your plugins are compatible with the version of Trac that you are upgrading to. Obsolete plugins listed in the [#VersionSpecificSteps version specific steps] below should be uninstalled or disabled.
     13If you are upgrading to a minor release, plugin compatibility is usually not a concern because the Trac API is normally unchanged.
     15If your plugins are installed from [] you can check compatibility by looking for a tag on the project page corresponding to a major release (e.g. `1.4`). If you are unsure, you'll want to contact the plugin author or ask on the [trac:MailingList MailingList].
     17If you are running several Trac plugins it is good to test the upgrade and plugin functionality in a staging instance of your site before upgrading your production instance. Remember, plugin authors are responsible for Trac version compatibility and plugins can interact in unexpected ways. Your Trac instance may have a unique combination of plugins and therefore it's advised that you do some verification testing when making any changes to your site.
     19=== 2. Bring your server off-line
     21It is not a good idea to update a running server: the server processes may have parts of the current packages cached in memory, and updating the code will likely trigger [#ZipImportError internal errors].
     23Although a database backup will be implicitly created by default when upgrading the environment, it is always a good idea to perform a full backup of the environment using the [TracBackup hotcopy] command before beginning. You may also wish to create a full backup of your server.
     25=== 3. Update Trac and dependencies #UpdatetheTracCode
     27The packages are available through several channels, as described in [trac:TracDownload]. If your Trac instance was installed through an operating system package manager, proceed with the standard steps that are appropriate for your operating system package manager. If it was installed through a Windows installer, uninstall the old Trac package before installing new Trac package.
     29If you are managing your Trac installation using command line tools, `pip` is the preferred tool to upgrade a Trac instance because it will uninstall the old version. The following command will upgrade your Trac installation using the package published to [ PyPI].
     32$ pip install --upgrade Trac
     35The upgrade command will give you the latest release of Trac. If instead you wish to upgrade to a different version, such as a minor release of Trac when there is a newer major release available, then specify the Trac version in the `pip` command.
     38$ pip install --upgrade Trac==1.4.1
     41You should also upgrade dependencies so they are compliant with the [TracInstall#Dependencies required versions].
     43=== 4. Upgrade the Trac Environment #UpgradetheTracEnvironment
     45Environment upgrades are not necessary for minor version releases unless otherwise noted.
     47On starting your web server after upgrading Trac, a message will be displayed for projects that need to be upgraded and the projects will not be accessible until the upgrade is run.
     49The upgrade is run using a [TracAdmin trac-admin] command:
     51$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv upgrade
     54This command will not have any effect if the environment is already up-to-date.
     56It is recommended that you set the [[TracIni#logging-log_level-option|log_level]] to `INFO` before running the upgrade. The additional information in the logs can be helpful in case something unexpected occurs during the upgrade.
     58Note that a backup of your database will be performed automatically prior to the upgrade. The backup is saved in the location specified by [[TracIni#trac-backup_dir-option|backup_dir]].
     60=== 5. Update the Trac Documentation === #UpdatetheTracDocumentation
     62By default, every [TracEnvironment Trac environment] includes a copy of the Trac documentation for the installed version. To keep the documentation in sync with the installed version of Trac, upgrade the documentation:
     64$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv wiki upgrade
     67Note that this procedure will leave your `WikiStart`, `InterMapTxt` and `SandBox` pages unaltered. Local changes to other pages that are distributed with Trac will be overwritten, however these pages are read-only by default for Environments created in Trac 1.3.3 and later.
     69=== 6. Refresh static resources
     71If you have configured your web server to serve static resources directly (accessed using the `/chrome/` URL) then you will need to refresh them using the [TracInstall#MappingStaticResources deploy command]. The `deploy` command will extract static resources and CGI scripts (`trac.wsgi`, etc) from the new Trac version and plugins into `/deploy/path`.
     73$ trac-admin /path/to/env deploy /deploy/path
     76Before refreshing, it is recommended that you remove the directory in which your static resources are deployed. The directory location depends on the choice you made during installation. This cleanup is not mandatory, but makes it easier to troubleshoot issues as your installation is uncluttered by unused assets from a previous release. As usual, make a backup before deleting the directory.
     78{{{#!div style="border: 1pt dotted; margin: 1em"
     79**Note:** Some web browsers (IE, Opera) cache CSS and !JavaScript files, so you should instruct your users to manually erase the contents of their browser's cache. A forced refreshed (SHIFT + <F5>) should be sufficient.
     81Remove above note once #9936 is fixed.
     85=== 7. Steps specific to a given Trac version #VersionSpecificSteps
     87==== Upgrading from Trac 1.4 to 1.5 #to1.5
     89===== Python 2.7 no longer supported
     91Upgrade Python to 3.5 or later.
     93==== Upgrading from Trac 1.2 to 1.4 #to1.4
     95===== Python 2.6 no longer supported
     97Upgrade Python to 2.7, but not 3.0 or greater.
     99===== MySQL-python no longer supported
     101[ PyMySQL] is the supported MySQL database library, support for [ MySQL-python] has been removed.
     103===== Obsolete Plugins
     105Trac has added functionality equivalent to the following plugins:
     107* [ DynamicVariablesPlugin]: dynamic variables are autocompleted
     108* [ NavAddPlugin]: see TracNavigation
     109* [ FlexibleAssignToPlugin]: subclass `ConfigurableTicketWorkflow` and override `get_allowed_owners`
     110* [ TracMigratePlugin]: Use the `trac-admin` [TracAdmin#ChangingDatabaseBackend convert_db command]
     112The plugins should be removed when upgrading Trac to 1.4.
     114===== Jinja2 is the new template engine
     116Content is now generated by using the Jinja2 template
     117engine. You should verify that your plugins are
     118compatible with this change.
     120If you customized the Trac templates, or the `site.html`
     121template, you'll need to adapt that as well.
     122(TODO: expand...) See [#CustomizedTemplates]. Email [TracNotification#CustomizingContent notification templates] also need to
     123be adapted.
     125===== New permission policies for Wiki and Ticket realms
     127Since 1.3.2 there are new permission policies for the ticket and wiki systems. `DefaultTicketPolicy` allows an authenticated user with `TICKET_APPEND` or `TICKET_CHPROP` to modify the description of a ticket they reported. It also implements the pre-1.3.2 behavior of allowing users to edit their own ticket comments. [#Newpermissionspolicyforread-onlywikipages ReadonlyWikiPolicy], added in 1.1.2, is renamed to `DefaultWikiPolicy`. The new permission policies can be easily replaced with alternate implementations if the default behavior is not desired.
     129If `[trac] permission_policy` has the default value `ReadonlyWikiPolicy, DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy`, then `DefaultWikiPolicy, DefaultTicketPolicy` should be automatically appended to the list when upgrading the environment:
     132permission_policies = DefaultWikiPolicy,
     133 DefaultTicketPolicy,
     134 DefaultPermissionPolicy,
     135 LegacyAttachmentPolicy
     138If other permission policies are enabled, `trac.ini` will need to be edited to add `DefaultWikiPolicy, DefaultTicketPolicy` to `permission_policies`. See [wiki:TracFineGrainedPermissions#DefaultWikiPolicyandDefaultTicketPolicy] for additional details on the proper ordering.
     140===== Description field added to ticket enums #enum-description-field
     142The ticket enums now have a //description// field. An //ambiguous column name// error may be seen for reports that reference the `description` column of another table and join the `enum` table with that table (e.g. `ticket`, `component`). The reports {1}, {2}, {3}, {4}, {5}, {7}, and {8} are modified by an upgrade step to fix the issue, but the modification may not succeed if the default reports have been modified, in which case `upgrade` will output a message to the terminal instructing the user to modify the reports. User-created reports may also need to be modified.
     144Reports that display the error need to be modified to prefix the `description` column with the appropriate table name or alias. For example, if the `ticket` table is aliased as `t` (`ticket t` or `ticket AS t`), replace `description` with `t.description` if the report should use the ticket's `description` column.
     146===== Removed `<repostype>` and `<repospath>` arguments from `trac-admin` `initenv` command
     148The TracAdmin `initenv` command allowed the default repository to be specified using the third and fourth positional arguments of `initenv`:
     150initenv [<projectname> <db> [<repostype> <repospath>]]
     153The arguments were an artifact of Trac < 0.12, which only supported a single repository. Trac 0.12 and later supports multiple repositories, which can be specified at the time of environment creation using the `--inherit` and `--config` arguments. See the [TracEnvironment#SourceCodeRepository initenv documentation] for details on specifying source code repositories.
     155==== Upgrading from Trac 1.0 to 1.2 #to1.2
     157===== Python 2.5 no longer supported
     159Upgrade Python to at least 2.6 or 2.7, but not 3.0 or greater.
     161===== Obsolete Plugins
     163Trac has added functionality equivalent to the following plugins:
     164* [ AdminEnumListPlugin]
     165* [ AttachmentNotifyPlugin]: attachment notifications are sent in Trac 1.0.3 and later
     166* [ DateFieldPlugin]: see the **time** [TracTicketsCustomFields#AvailableFieldTypesandOptions custom field type]
     167* [ FlexibleReporterNotificationPlugin]: [trac:CookBook/Notification/Subscriptions custom subscribers] can be implemented in the new extensible notification system
     168* [ GroupBasedRedirectionPlugin]: the default handler can set as a user preference
     169* [ GroupingAssignToPlugin]: groups and permissions can be used in the [TracWorkflow#BasicTicketWorkflowCustomization set_owner] workflow attribute
     170* [ LinenoMacro]: see WikiProcessors#AvailableProcessors
     171* [ NeverNotifyUpdaterPlugin]: see [TracNotification#notification-subscriber-section notification subscribers]
     172* [ QueryUiAssistPlugin]: see TracQuery#Filters.
     173* [ TicketCreationStatusPlugin]: see [#NewWorkflowActions]
     175The plugins should be removed when upgrading Trac to 1.2.
     177===== New workflow actions #NewWorkflowActions
     179The ticket creation step is controlled with a workflow action. The default workflow has `create` and `create_and_assign` actions. The `create` action will always be added when upgrading the database. The `create_and_assign` action will be added if the workflow has an //assigned// state. You may want to edit your workflow after upgrading the database to customize the actions available on the //New Ticket// page.
     181===== New permissions policy for read-only wiki pages
     183Since 1.1.2 the read-only attribute of wiki pages is enabled and enforced only when `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` is in the list of active permission policies. If `[trac] permission_policy` has the default value `DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy`, then `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` should be automatically appended to the list when upgrading the environment:
     186permission_policies = ReadonlyWikiPolicy,
     187 DefaultPermissionPolicy,
     188 LegacyAttachmentPolicy
     191If other permission policies are enabled, `trac.ini` will need to have `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` appended to the list of active `permission_policies`. See TracFineGrainedPermissions#ReadonlyWikiPolicy for additional details on the proper ordering.
     193===== Navigation Ordering Moved
     195The mainnav and metanav configuration ordering have
     196been moved from `[trac]` `mainnav` and `[trac]` `metanav` to the `[mainnav]` and `[metanav]` sections. The ordering is now specified using the `order` attribute as described in [TracNavigation#nav-order TracNavigation].
     198The new configuration values will be written to trac.ini on upgrade, preserving the navigation order for the environment. You may need to edit trac.ini
     199if you use a shared [TracIni#GlobalConfiguration global configuration].
     200For example, if you wish to specify the navigation ordering for several environments in `global.ini`, you'll
     201need to add the `[mainnav]` and `[metanav]` sections
     202in that file and delete those sections from each
     203environment's trac.ini.
     205==== Upgrading from Trac 0.12 to Trac 1.0 #to1.0
     207===== Python 2.4 no longer supported
     209Upgrade Python to at least 2.5, but not 3.0.
     211===== Obsolete Plugins
     213Trac has added functionality equivalent to the following plugins:
     215* [ AnchorMacro]
     216* [ BatchModifyPlugin]
     217* [ GitPlugin]
     218* [ OverrideEditPlugin]
     219* [ ProgressMeterMacro]
     221The plugins should be removed when upgrading Trac to 1.0.
     223===== Subversion components not enabled by default for new installations
     225The Trac components for Subversion support are no longer enabled by default. To enable the svn support, you need to make sure the `tracopt.versioncontrol.svn` components are enabled, for example by setting the following in the TracIni:
     228tracopt.versioncontrol.svn.* = enabled
     231The upgrade procedure should take care of this and change the TracIni appropriately, unless you already had the svn components explicitly disabled.
     233===== Attachments migrated to new location #AttachmentsMigrated
     235Another step in the automatic upgrade will change the way the attachments are stored. There have been reports that the attachment migration [#AttachmentsNotMigrated sometimes fails], so it's extra important that you [TracBackup backup your environment].
     237In case the `attachments` directory contains some files which are //not// attachments, the last step of the migration to the new layout will not be completed: the deletion of the now unused `attachments` directory can't be done if there are still files and folders in it. You may ignore this error, but better to move them elsewhere and remove the `attachments` directory manually. The attachments themselves are now all located in your environment below the `files/attachments` directory.
     239===== Behavior of `[ticket] default_owner` changed
     241Prior to 1.0, the owner field of new tickets always defaulted to `[ticket] default_owner` when the value was not empty. If the value was empty, the owner field defaulted to to the Component's owner. In 1.0 and later, the `default_owner` must be set to `< default >` to make new tickets default to the Component's owner. This change allows the `default_owner` to be set to an empty value if no default owner is desired.
     243===== Behavior of `* -> *` workflow transition
     245The workflow transition `* -> *` must have the operation
     246`leave_status`. Due to a defect in Trac < 1.0.18
     247`leave_status` was not required, so it may be necessary
     248to add the operation when upgrading. The action will not
     249display for a `* -> *` transition if the action does
     250not have the `leave_status` operation.
     252==== Upgrading from older versions of Trac #OlderVersions
     254For upgrades from versions older than Trac 0.12, refer first to [trac:wiki:0.12/TracUpgrade#SpecificVersions TracUpgrade for 0.12].
     256For upgrades from versions older than Trac 0.10, refer first to [trac:wiki:0.10/TracUpgrade#SpecificVersions TracUpgrade for 0.10].
     258== Known Issues
     260=== Customized Templates
     262Trac supports customization of its templates by placing copies of the templates in the `<env>/templates` folder of your [TracEnvironment environment] or in a common location specified in the [TracIni#GlobalConfiguration  inherit.templates_dir] configuration setting. If you choose to customize the templates, be aware that you will need to repeat your changes on a copy of the new templates when you upgrade to a new release of Trac (even a minor one), as the templates will evolve. So keep a diff around.
     264The preferred way to perform TracInterfaceCustomization is a custom plugin doing client-side !JavaScript transformation of the generated output, as this is more robust in case of changes: we usually won't modify an element `id` or change its CSS `class`, and if we have to do so, this will be documented in the [trac:TracDev/ApiChanges] pages.
     266=== !ZipImportError
     268Due to internal caching of zipped packages, whenever the content of the packages change on disk, the in-memory zip index will no longer match and you'll get irrecoverable !ZipImportError errors. Better to anticipate and bring your server down for maintenance before upgrading.
     269See [trac:#7014] for details.
     271=== Wiki Upgrade
     273`trac-admin` will not delete or remove default wiki pages that were present in a previous version but are no longer in the new version.
     275=== Parent dir
     277If you use a Trac parent env configuration and one of the plugins in one child does not work, none of the children will work.
     279=== Attachments not migrated #AttachmentsNotMigrated
     281There have been reports that attachments are not [#AttachmentsMigrated migrated] when upgrading to Trac 1.0 or later. The cause of the issue has not yet been found. If you encounter this issue, see [ the FAQ] for a workaround and please report your findings to [trac:#11370].
     283== Related topics
     285=== Upgrading Python
     287Upgrading Python to a newer version will require reinstallation of Python packages: Trac itself of course, but also [TracInstall#Dependencies dependencies]. If you are using Subversion, you'll need to upgrade the [trac:TracSubversion Python bindings for SVN].
     292See also: TracGuide, TracInstall