Calendar

Sep
6
Fri
Colloquium: Brian Svoboda (Host: Moire Prescott)
Sep 6 @ 3:15 pm – 4:15 pm
Colloquium: Brian Svoboda (Host: Moire Prescott) @ BX102

Starless clumps and the earliest phases of high-mass star formation in the Milky Way

Brian Svoboda, NRAO Jansky Fellow

High-mass stars are key to regulating the interstellar medium, star formation activity, and overall evolution of galaxies, but their formation remains an open problem in astrophysics. In order to understand the physical conditions during the earliest phases of high-mass star formation, I will present observational studies we have carried out on dense starless clump candidates (SCCs) that show no signatures of star formation activity. We identify 2223 SCCs from the 1.1 mm Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey, systematically analyse their physical properties, and show that the starless phase is not represented by a single timescale, but evolves more rapidly with increasing clump mass. To investigate the sub-structure in SCCs at high spatial resolution, we investigate the 12 most high-mass SCCs within 5 kpc using ALMA. We find previously undetected low-luminosity protostars in 11 out of 12 SCCs, fragmentation equal to the thermal Jeans length of the clump, and no starless cores exceeding 30 solar masses. While uncertainties remain concerning the star formation efficiency in this sample, these observational facts are consistent with models where high-mass stars form from initially low- to intermediate-mass protostars that accrete most of their mass from the surrounding clump. I will also present on-going research studying gas inflow signatures with GBT/Argus and ALMA, and the dense core mass function with the JVLA.

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Oct
25
Fri
Colloquium: Shun Karato (Host: Jason Jackiewicz)
Oct 25 @ 3:15 pm – 4:15 pm
Colloquium: Shun Karato (Host: Jason Jackiewicz) @ BX102

Solving the Puzzles of the Moon

Shun Karato, Yale University

After 50 years from the first landing of men on the Moon, about 380 kg of samples were collected by the Apollo mission. Chemical analyses of these samples together with a theory of planetary formation led to a “giant impact” paradigm (in mid 1970s). In this paradigm, the Moon was formed in the later stage of Earth formation (not the very late stage, though), when the proto-Earth was hit by an impactor with a modest size (~ Mars size) at an oblique angle. Such an impact is a natural consequence of planetary formation from a proto-planetary nebula. This collision may have kicked out mantle materials from the proto-Earth to form the Moon. This model explains mostly rocky composition of the Moon and the large angular momentum of the Earth-Moon system. High temperatures caused by an impact likely removed much of the volatile components such as water.

However, two recent geochemical observations cast doubt about the validity of such a paradigm. They include (i) not-so-dry Moon suggested from the analysis of basaltic inclusions in olivine, and (ii) the high degree of similarities in many isotopes. The first observation is obviously counter-intuitive, but the second one is also hard to reconcile with the standard model of a giant impact, because many models show that a giant impact produces the Moon mostly from the impactor. In this presentation, I will show how one can solve these puzzles by a combination of physics/chemistry of materials with some basic physics of a giant impact.

Jan
27
Mon
Pizza Lunch: Candace Gray
Jan 27 @ 12:30 pm – 1:30 pm
Pizza Lunch: Candace Gray @ AY 119

APO Open House Info

Candace Gray

Jan
29
Wed
Astro-ph Discussion
Jan 29 @ 1:00 pm – 1:30 pm
Astro-ph Discussion @ AY119
Jan
30
Thu
Astronomy on Tap
Jan 30 @ 7:00 pm – 9:30 pm
Astronomy on Tap @ Bosque Brewing Las Cruces Public House

Join us for the inaugural Las Cruces chapter of Astronomy on Tap! Join local astronomers from the NMSU Astronomy Department for a night of fun, accessible space-related presentations, games, and prizes.

Please RSVP on the Bosque Brewing website if you’re planning on attending!
https://www.bosquebrewing.com/bosque-brewing-events

Jan
31
Fri
Astro-ph Discussion
Jan 31 @ 11:30 am – 12:00 pm
Astro-ph Discussion @ AY119
Feb
5
Wed
Astro-ph Discussion
Feb 5 @ 1:00 pm – 1:30 pm
Astro-ph Discussion @ AY119
Feb
6
Thu
Colloquium: RESERVED
Feb 6 @ 3:15 pm – 4:15 pm
Colloquium: RESERVED @ BX102

Colloquium Title

Colloquium Speaker Name, Affiliation

Abstract text

Feb
7
Fri
Astro-ph Discussion
Feb 7 @ 11:30 am – 12:00 pm
Astro-ph Discussion @ AY119
Feb
10
Mon
Pizza lunch: Jon Holtzman
Feb 10 @ 12:30 pm – 1:30 pm
Pizza lunch: Jon Holtzman @ AY 119

pyvista: a data reduction framework

Jon Holtzman, NMSU